Hair transplantation is a procedure that is used to restore lost hair to a balding area of the scalp. It is a common and safe procedure when performed by a qualified and experienced surgeon. However, there are certain risks, side effects and complications associated with the procedure.
The most common risks associated with a hair transplant include infection, bleeding and scarring. Proper pre-operative preparation and post-operative care is essential to reduce the chances of infection. In some cases, the scalp may become swollen and tender to the touch. If infection occurs, antibiotics may be necessary.
Bleeding can occur during and after the procedure. Though rare, very severe bleeding can require hospitalization and even blood transfusions in extreme cases. Scarring is another potential risk. Scarring is usually minor and not easily visible, but in some cases, it can be more extensive and leave visible marks.
Some side effects of hair transplantation may include temporary swelling and redness at the site of the transplant. Also, there may be some numbness, tingling or discomfort, but this typically resolves over time. Additionally, the transplanted hair may fall out before the new hair grows in.
Finally, the most serious complication of hair transplantation is a condition known as folliculitis decalvans. It is an inflammatory disorder that causes permanent destruction of the hair follicles and can lead to permanent hair loss. This complication is rare, but can occur if an inexperienced surgeon performs the transplant.
Overall, hair transplants are generally safe and effective but there are certain risks, side effects and complications that should be taken into consideration. It is important to follow all pre- and post-operative instructions given by your surgeon to reduce the risk of complications. Additionally, it is essential to make sure that the surgeon you choose is experienced and qualified in performing hair transplants.